Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and bike racing) is a motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles. Major genres include road racing and off road racing, both either on circuits or open courses, and track racing. Motorcycle racing is divided into three categories: 125cc, Moto2 and MotoGP. MotoGP is the world´s premier motorcycling championship, with a season of 18 Grands Prix motorcycles. MotoGP use four-stroke engines.
MotoGP Motorcycle Racing History:
Boasting 60 years of history, MotoGP is the oldest of all motorsports World Championships – its first annual competition having been held in 1949.
From the early 1900s motorcycle Grands Prix were held in various countries and in 1938 the predecessor to the current FIM, the FICM (Fédération Internationale des Clubs Motocyclistes), announced a European Championship. However, the start of the Second World War interrupted the competition and it then took some time after the war for fuel to become available, before a truly international series could be created.
The first motorcycle was sold in 1894, a product of Germany, while the first race – of about 400km – was held in France only a few years later. From 1906, Britain held the Tourist Trophy (TT) races on the Isle of Man, and the motorsport scene blossomed throughout central Europe in pre-war days. After the Second World War, in 1949, the FIM (Federation Internationale de Motorcyclisme) was founded, establishing the format for road racing that is still recognizable to this day in the World GP series.
Motorcycle road-racing’s ‘World Championship Grand Prix’ series (MotoGP) began in 1949, evolving out of the Grand Prix d’Europe. At the time it traditionally has held several races at each event for various classes of motorcycles, based on engine capacity, and class for sidecars. Today Moto GP race bikes are highly specialized factory racing ‘prototypes’ that are differentiated from the AMA SBK Superbike, which is more akin to a highly modified street-legal production superbike.
MotoGp Specification :
At the beginning of a new era of MotoGP in 2002, motorcycle-engined 2-stroke 500 cc and 990 cc 4 stroke allowed for use in the race. under rule 2.10.5: ‘No fuel on the motorcycle may be more than 15K below ambient temperature. The use of any device on the motorcycle to artificially decrease the temperature of the fuel below ambient temperature is forbidden. MotoGP-class motorcycles are not restricted to any specific engine configuration. On December 11, 2009, the Grand Prix Commission announced that the MotoGP class would switch to the 1000 cc motor limit starting in the 2012 season.